Accident Reporting

An aviation occurrence means, any accident or incident associated with the operation of aircraft; and any situation or condition that the National Transportation Safety Board has reasonable grounds to believe could, if left unattended, induce an accident or incident. 

A reportable aviation incident means an incident resulting directly from the operation of an airplane having a maximum certificated takeoff weight greater than 5 700 kg, or from the operation of a rotorcraft having a maximum certificated takeoff weight greater than 2 250 kg, where an engine fails or is shut down as a precautionary measure; a transmission gearbox malfunction occurs; smoke or fire occurs; difficulties in controlling the aircraft are encountered owing to any aircraft system malfunction, weather phenomena, wake turbulence, uncontrolled vibrations or operations outside the flight envelope; the aircraft fails to remain within the intended landing or takeoff area, lands with all or part of the landing gear retracted or drags a wing tip, an engine pod or any other part of the aircraft; any crew member whose duties are directly related to the safe operation of the aircraft is unable to perform the crew member’s duties as a result of a physical incapacitation that poses a threat to the safety of any person, property or the environment; depressurization occurs that necessitates an emergency descent; a fuel shortage occurs that necessitates a diversion or requires approach and landing priority at the destination of the aircraft; the aircraft is refuelled with the incorrect type of fuel or contaminated fuel; a collision, a risk of collision or a loss of separation occurs; a crew member declares an emergency or indicates any degree of emergency that requires priority handling by an air traffic control unit or the standing by of emergency response services; a slung load is released unintentionally or as a precautionary or emergency measure from the aircraft; or any dangerous goods are released in or from the aircraft.

A reportable aviation accident means an accident resulting directly from the operation of an aircraft, where a person sustains a serious injury or is killed as a result of being on board the, aircraft, coming into contact with any part of the aircraft or its contents, or being directly exposed to the jet blast or rotor downwash of the aircraft, the aircraft sustains damage or failure that adversely affects the structural strength, performance or flight characteristics of the aircraft and that requires major repair or replacement of any affected component part; or the aircraft is missing or inaccessible.

Where a reportable accident or incident occurs and it has not yet been reported to the Transportation Safety Board of Canada, the pilot-incommand, the operator, owner and any crew member of the aircraft involved shall, as soon as possible thereafter and by the quickest means of communication available, report to the Board the following information relative to this accident: the type, model, nationality and registration marks of the aircraft; the names of the owner, operator and hirer, if any, of the aircraft; the name of the pilot-in-command; the date and time of the accident; the last point of departure and the point of intended landing of the aircraft; the position of the aircraft with reference to some easily defined geographical point, and the latitude and longitude; the number of crew members aboard, and how many were killed or sustained serious injury; the number of passengers aboard, and how many were killed or sustained serious injury; a description of the accident or incident and the extent of damage to the aircraft; a detailed description of any dangerous goods aboard the aircraft; and the name and address of the person making the report.  Aircraft accidents, missing aircraft and reportable incidents are to be reported to the Regional Transportation Safety Board office. Alternatively, occurrences may be reported through a NAV CANADA Air Traffic Service unit who will forward the report to the appropriate TSB office.

(1) No person shall displace, move or interfere with an aircraft involved in an accident, or the components or contents of any such aircraft, or interfere with or otherwise disrupt an occurrence site without first having obtained permission to do so from an investigator except to extricate any person, to prevent destruction by fire or other cause, or to avoid danger to any person or property.

(2) Where an aircraft is to be displaced or moved pursuant to subsection (1), the person directing or otherwise supervising or arranging the action shall, as far as possible in the circumstances and prior to the moving of the aircraft or any component or contents thereof or disturbance of the site, record by the best means available the condition of the aircraft, aircraft contents and the occurrence site.